Gaskiya Game da Andean Condor

Facts About Andean Condor

Andean ya ba da labari

Bayanan gaskiya game da andean condor

The Andean Kondor (Gryphus na ungulu) shine a Tsuntsu na Kudancin Amurka wannan na nasa ne Iyalin ungulu na Sabuwar Duniya Cathartidae , kuma shine kawai memba mai rai na halittar Vultur. Kodayake lambobi suna raguwa a cikin ƙasar, Andean Condor a zahiri dabbar ƙasa ce ta Kolombiya.

Duk da girman girmansa, fuka -fukai masu ban sha'awa da kyawawan halaye, mutane da yawa ba su san wannan kyakkyawar tsuntsu ba. Idan kun kasance ɗaya daga cikin waɗannan mutanen to kada ku damu, za ku zama ƙwararre na Andean Condor bayan karanta abubuwan da muka saba da su a ƙasa.

1. Raptor mafi girma a duniya

Andean Condor yana nuna fukafukansa masu fadi. Darajar hoto: Shutterstock.

Tare da fuka -fukinsa sama da mita 3 (ƙafa 10), Andean Condor ana ɗauka mafi girma tsuntsu a duniya. Manya da suka manyanta za su iya kai kilo 15 (kilo 33) kuma za su iya tsayawa tsayin mita 1.2 mai ban sha'awa. Wannan halitta mai ban mamaki ita ce mafi girman Raptor a duk duniya.

2. Ba mafi kyawu ba ne

Jirgin ruwan Andean Condor. Darajar hoto: Shutterstock.

Ko da tare da fuka -fukansu masu ban sha'awa, Andean Condors wani lokacin yana da wahalar zama a sama lokacin tashi, saboda yawan nauyin su. Shi ya sa wannan tsuntsu ya fi son wuraren da iska ke da iska, inda za ta iya yin shawagi ba tare da wata matsala ba a kan hanyoyin iska. Andean Condors, tare da taimakon yanayin uwa, na iya hawa har zuwa tsayi mai ban sha'awa na mita 5,500!

3. Ka kasance da banbanci sosai

Namijin Andean Condor. Darajar hoto: Shutterstock.

Andean Condors suna da kyan gani sosai, tare da fuka -fukai baƙaƙe masu rufe jikinsu, da fuka -fukan fararen fulawa waɗanda ke kai kamar yatsu lokacin da suke cikin iska. Dukansu jinsi suna da kwarkwatar gashin kai, duk da haka, maza sun fi mata girma, suna da idanu masu rawaya, kuma suna wasa da farin ruffen ido a gindin wuyansu. A gefe guda kuma mata, ba su da ruɗewa kuma suna da jajayen idanu.

4. Rayuwa a wurare masu ban mamaki

Andean Condor Yawo akan Hamadar Atacama. Darajar hoto: Shutterstock.

Sabanin sunayensu, Condors na Andean ba kawai suna zaune a yankin tsaunin Andean na Kudancin Amurka ba. Hakanan ana iya samun waɗannan tsuntsayen a yankunan bakin teku, suna jin daɗin iskar teku, har ma da wasu yankunan hamada, inda suke cin moriyar iskar iskar zafi. Lambobin Andean Condor sun fi yawa a Argentina da Kudancin Chile, duk da haka adadinsu yana raguwa a Kolombiya, Ecuador da Venezuela, wanda ke sa ganin ganin tsuntsu a waɗannan yankuna ya zama ruwan dare.

5. Kasance dabarun tarbiyyar iyaye da ba a saba da su ba

Baby Condor. Darajar hoto: Shutterstock.

Andean Condors yana samar da kwai ɗaya kawai a kowace shekara biyu, kuma lokacin shiryawa yana da tsawon kwanaki 54-58. A saman wannan, yawancin Condors na Andean ba sa gina gida mai kariya, mai kariya ga kwai, kawai suna aza shi a kan wani gefen dutse. Don waɗannan dalilan, yana ɗaukar iyaye biyu don haɗawa da haɓaka kajin tare, suna ba shi kulawa da kulawa sosai. Baby Condors yawanci suna barin iyayensu a cikin shekara ta biyu na rayuwa, kuma suna ɗaukar shekaru 6-8 don isa cikakkiyar girma.

6. Yi babban ƙungiya mai tsabta

Andean Condor yana cin abincin sa. Darajar hoto: Shutterstock.

Kamar yadda Andean Condor ungulu ne, zaku iya tunanin cewa yawancin abincin da zai ci zai zama gawa (matacce, ruɓaɓɓiyar nama). Saboda wannan, waɗannan tsuntsayen suna yin wani muhimmin aiki na muhalli, wani nau'in ma'aikatan tsabtace halitta. Andean Condors sun fi son dabbobi mafi girma, don haka a gefen tekun za su goge kowane hatimi mai ƙamshi, kifi ko gawarwakin da aka wanke a bakin teku.

7. Yi tsawon rai fiye da yadda kuke zato

Andean Condor akan kallo. Darajar hoto: Shutterstock.

Tsawon rayuwa ga Andean Condor yana cika shekaru 50 sosai. Koyaya, an san wasu suna rayuwa har zuwa 75 a cikin bauta. Wannan shekarun kawai ya zarce dan uwan ​​New World, the California Condor , wanda ke da tsawon shekaru 60 a cikin daji.

8. Suna fuskantar bacewa

Andean Condor a cikin gidan zoo. Darajar hoto: Shutterstock.

Tare da raguwar lambobi a yankin Arewacin mazaunin sa, tabbas Andean Condor yana cikin matsala. An sanya wannan babban tsuntsu akan Jerin jakar IUCN na Dabbobi Masu Barazana a cikin 1973, kuma yana cikin haɗarin zama gabaɗaya a nan gaba. Babban dalilin mutuwar sa shine yawan farauta ta mutane waɗanda bisa kuskure suka yi imani Condors na barazana ga dabbobin su. Sauran abubuwan sun haɗa da asarar muhallin, da guba mai guba da ke ratsa sarkar abinci. Koyaya, ba duka bala'i da baƙin ciki bane ga waɗannan kyawawan halittu, godiya ga ƙoƙarin sake yawan mutane da yawa, Andean Condor a ƙarshe ya fara dawowa.

Andean condor yana zaune a duk yankin Andean, wanda ke ba mu damar amfani da matsayinmu na dabaru a kowace ƙasa memba don haɓaka ayyukan yanki. Muna aiki don kafa ginshiƙi don fahimtar tarihi da barazanar ta na ainihi, da kuma gano gibi a cikin bayanan da ake buƙata don kiyayewa wanda zai ba da fifikon manyan ayyukan bincike masu inganci.

A cikin Peru, ban da bayar da tallafin fasaha ga Ma'aikatar Aikin Noma da Noma a cikin ayyukan kiyayewa, mun kuma bincika bayanan don ƙirƙirar taswirar farko na rarraba condor a Peru da Bolivia, dangane da lura da aka shiga Labarin Jami'ar Cornell na Ornithology's Dandalin eBird kuma an ba da rahoto a cikin tambayoyin da ma'aikatan WCS suka gudanar.

Wannan taswirar za ta ba mu damar gano wuraren zama na condor waɗanda ke mamaye tare da al'ummomi, ayyukan haɓaka, abubuwan more rayuwa, wuraren kariya, da sauran amfanin ƙasa, gami da barazanar daban -daban da 'yan wasan da ke buƙatar yin la’akari da su yayin ƙirƙirar shirin ƙasa na aiki don kiyaye wannan babban tsuntsu.

bayanai game da condor na Andean

  1. Sunanta a quechua shine kuntur kuma Incas sun yi imanin cewa ba ta mutuwa - tana wakiltar alamar Jananpacha , saman duniyar sama da makoma.
  2. Tazara tsakanin maki fukafukansa (~ mita 3.3) yana wakiltar mafi girman fikafikan kowane tsuntsu na duniya.
  3. Andean condor yana cikin garkuwar ƙasa guda huɗu, inda yake wakiltar ƙimomi daban -daban: Bolivia (bin iyaka), Chile (ƙarfi), Kolombiya ('yanci da oda), da Ecuador (ƙarfi, girma, da valeur).
  4. Wannan tsuntsu yana da mace daya kuma dukkan iyaye suna hada kwai. Kajin nata yana tare da iyayenta har zuwa shekaru 2 kafin su fuskanci duniya ita kaɗai.
  5. A wasu lokutan yanayi na shekara (Oktoba a Peru), condor na Andean yana tashi daga kololuwar Andes zuwa gabar tekun Pacific don cin gawar zakin teku da zubar da mahaifa.
  6. Yana daya daga cikin masu farautar da za su iya karya fatar guanaco mai wuya tare da baki kawai.
  7. Andean masu ta'aziyya sun balaga da jima'i a ƙarshen rayuwa (mafi ƙarancin shekaru 5, tare da rahotannin kajin farko a shekaru 11), kuma suna da kajin guda ɗaya kowace shekara 2-3. Wannan yana sa su zama masu saurin fuskantar barazanar saboda ƙarancin dawo da su.
  8. Sun kasance wani ɓangare na dangin Cathartidae, wanda ya fito daga kalmar Helenanci katartu ma'ana wanda yayi tsarki.
  9. Masu kwantar da tarzoma na Andean masu zafin zafi ne, wanda ke nufin cewa suna tashi tare da iskar da ke gudana, suna taimaka musu gano gawarwaki daga manyan maɗaukaka da sauka a kansu ba tare da ɓata makamashi mai yawa ba.
  10. Condor na Andean yana nuna dimorphism na jima'i- wannan shine lokacin da dabbobin iri iri suke da sifofi daban -daban na jikin mutum dangane da jima'i. Namijin Andean condor yana da farin abin wuya da ƙyalli, yayin da condor ɗin mace ba ta da.

Abubuwan da ke ciki